Zygomatic Dental Implants: The "No Bone" Solution to Permanent Teeth
Zygomatic dental implants are a type of dental implant that is used when traditional dental implants cannot be placed due to insufficient bone in the jaw. These implants are longer than traditional dental implants and are anchored into the zygomatic bone, which is a dense bone in the cheek area. By using this bone for support, zygomatic implants can provide a solution for patients who have lost bone in the upper jaw due to trauma, infection, or other reasons.
Zygomatic implants are typically recommended for patients who have severely resorbed or atrophic maxillae (upper jaw bones). They are often used in cases where bone grafting or sinus lifts are not feasible or have failed. Zygomatic implants can be used to support a full arch of teeth or as part of a hybrid denture.
The placement of zygomatic implants requires specialized training and experience. The procedure is typically performed under general anesthesia, and the implants are inserted through the gums and into the zygomatic bone. The implants must be angled precisely to provide the necessary support for the teeth.
While zygomatic implants can be an effective solution for patients with severe bone loss, they do carry some risks and potential complications. These include infection, nerve damage, and implant failure. Patients considering zygomatic implants should discuss the risks and benefits with their dentist or oral surgeon before deciding on this treatment option.